Quantum computing is not an area, in which I am familiar with at all, I didn’t even know it existed, but when I researched it, I realized that this technology is very interesting to explore.
According to the research I did, I realized that there is still a long way to go, before we see in the real world, the true power of quantum computers, to the fullest.
Qubits and quantum-mechanical superposition of two states, are manipulated with the quantum computing technology.
Two orthogonal polarizations of photons, are good examples of quantum-mechanical superposition of two states.
In order to understand this technology, I had to understand Quantum physics, and I found out that, the superposition principle for quantum states are very fundamental to quantum theory.
The behavior of matter and light at the atomic scale is described by Quantum mechanics, it was important for me to know this, in order for me to have a grasp of Quantum computing; which uses the principles of quantum mechanics.
The superposition states principle, forms the idea of quantum mechanics; and also helps quantum computing, to have more efficient algorithms, and simulate quantum systems.
The purpose of quantum computing is to find ways, to solve the same problems, a traditional computer could solve, but using quantum algorithms, which are significantly faster than any classical algorithm.
The investigation of the computing power and other properties of computer, based on quantum-mechanical principles, is done in the field of quantum computation.
In the early 1980s, the field of quantum computing began, and after the discovery of efficient quantum algorithms, for problems, of integer factorization, and discrete logarithm in 1994, interest in quantum computing increased, tremendously.
Quantum computation concerns themselves with extending classical computation, to processing quantum information.
Quantum computation, is able to achieve this task, using quantum systems such as individual atoms, molecules, or photons.
A particular revolution in computer science, is being formulated by quantum computing, and it will be very exciting.
The genuine quantum phenomena, such as entanglement and interference, could be exploited to build quantum computers, which would be very cool.
Another interesting principle of quantum mechanics, is quantum entanglement, which is a quantum mechanical phenomenon, where the states of two or more object have to be described with reference to each other; although the individual object may be spatially separated.
Entangled particles remain connected, in quantum physics, so that actions, done to one, affect both particles, no matter how great the distances of the particles is.
Albert Einstein called this phenomenon “spooky action at a distance.
” Unobserved photons exists in all possible states simultaneously; however, they exhibit one state when they are observed, according to the rules of quantum physics.
A pair of particle such as photons have to interact physically, in order for entanglement to occur.
A laser beam fired through a certain type of crystals, can cause individual photons to be split into two pairs of entangled photons.
The photons can be separated by a large distance, hundreds of miles or even more.
I still don’t fully understand quantum mechanics, but I am sure that, with more research and written articles, I will be able to understand the quantum phenomena.
Thank you, for reading this article!!!